Armenians have lived in Lithuania since the 13th century, but the modern Armenian community began to form during the 1950s.
In the years following World War II, many Armenian servicemen settled in Vilnius, Chiaulia, and Klaipeda.
Currently, there are about 1,400 Lithuanian-Armenians living mainly in Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipeda, Siauliai, and Visaginas.
The Union of Armenians of Lithuania operates in Vilnius, which includes representatives from different cities. In the mentioned cities above, community institutions have also been formed with daily Armenian schools in Vilnius, Kaunas, and Klaipeda.
In Lithuania, Armenians are heavily involved in the field of industry, education, commerce, health, and culture. They are considered a national minority in Lithuania.
In 1994, the Lithuanian Spiritual Community of the Armenian Apostolic Church was established under the name of "St. Vardan", after which a church council was elected.
There is a chapel in Vilnius provided by the state to the Armenian community, where religious services are regularly held.
In 2005, the Assembly of the Republic of Lithuania adopted a resolution recognizing the Armenian Genocide.