Currently, there are about 25,000-30,000 Armenians living in Turkmenistan. A significant portion lives in the cities of Ashkabad (around 15,000), Turkmenbashi (around 5000-6000), and Mary (around 5000-6000). The other part, lives in Balkanabat, in Turkmenabat, and in Tejen.
In recent years there has been a large outflow of Armenians from Turkmenistan to Kazakhstan, Russia, and to Europe. Even today, the number of Armenians who have the intention to leave Turkmenistan, mainly because of the difficult socio-economic situation, is just as high.
Armenians living in Turkmenistan mainly speak the Artsakh or Syunik dialects. Most of them are fluent in Turkmen and Russian.
There are three Armenian Sunday schools in Turkmenistan, one of which was founded in Ashgabat and operates under the supervision of the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia. The other two were founded with the support of the Ministry of Diaspora Affairs in the Armenian communities of Turkmenbashi and Mary. In 2014 an Armenian class was opened in Elotan, but due to a decrease in the number of students, the class ceased to operate in 2017.
The only Armenian historical-cultural heritage cite in Turkmenistan is the church of Turkmenbashi (formerly known as Krasnovodsk), which was built in 1903. Currently, the church doesn’t operate.